It is known by all the pig farmers that the microclimate in the pig house should be stable without being affected by the external temp changes, so the heating and ventilating & cooling equipments are quite necessary for the pig house to ensure pigs production of high quality. At the same time, keeping the pig house clean and timely cleaning and disinfecting the pig feeders are also very important.
Pig House Heating Equipment
There are 2 kinds of pig house heating: central heating and partial heating. And the central heating is working to transport the thermal medium produced by a central heating system through pipelines to keep the appropriate temp in pig house; partial heating includes electric heating pad, infrared heat lamp and piglet incubator, etc.
Pig House Ventilating Equipment
Usually pig house ventilators are featured by large diameter, low power, high ventilation rate, little noise and good durability. And here are some cautions for pig house ventilation:
1. Avoid fan ventilation short circuit: the fan should not be installed on the wall with open gate below it, which will lead airflow short circuit.
2. If it is unilateral ventilating, the air outlets in the adjacent piggery of both sides should be set on the relative sides to avoid the exhausted foul smell from one piggery entering into another piggery.
3. No blind angle in the pig house to ensure the air pass through the pig house freely to realize the ventilation.
Pig Farm Cooling Equipment
In fact, ventilation is a kind of effective cooling method, but it just makes the temp inside pig house close to the temp outside the pig house, so when the temp outside the pig house is higher than 27-30 ℃, it is the maximum temp limit for pig production, some cooling methods are necessary to control inside pig house temp. The common cooling system are evaporative cooling pad-fan cooling, spray cooling, sprinkle cooling and drip cooling; the last 3 cooling systems are of high humidity, so they are nor suitable for farrowing house and piglet house; the evaporative cooling pad-fan system is the most sophisticated cooling technology of 75~90% evaporative cooling rate which is widely used around the world.
Pig Farm Sterilizing Equipment
The frequently-used sterilizing equipments are high-pressure cleaner, blaze disinfection and knapsack sprayer; and the combination of blaze-chemical sterilizing can reach a 95% sterilization rate.
Pig Farm Cleaning Equipment
In the modern pig farm, to keep pig house sanitation and reduce labor working, the pig flooring is used to protect the pigs from their wastes to prevent and reduce diseases.
According to the laying range in the swinery, the flooring can be divided into full flooring and partial flooring. And the full flooring is suitable for the farrowing crates and piglet nursery bed on the high bed; the partial flooring is suitable for the swinery on the floor (usually 1/3-1/2).
The key technical parameter is the width of pig flooring. If the leak width is too small, the leakage rate will be low; if it is too wide, pigs will get foot, leg and muscle injuries for slipping into the leak. The leakage floors enjoy various shapes including strip ones and net ones, etc. And they can be made of cement, metal and plastic, etc.